Those who are in Christ Jesus will never experience the wrath of God. What does that mean? Does God’s Word provide the answer? Of course it does. Many see a future seven year Tribulation as the fulfillment of the pouring out of God’s wrath. In fact this is why many today expect the church to miss the Tribulation, but does Scripture agree with this view of man’s history. Is this (missing Tribulation) a logical correlation based on the teachings of scripture concerning the actual meaning of wrath?
There are two words used in the New Testament for God’s Wrath. — we will explore these based on how scripture uses them. They are Thumos and Orge both of which are Greek words, and both of which we will find in Revelation’s teaching about wrath.
Ephesians 4:26 states: Be angry, and yet do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger (here the wrath is Thumos wrath),.
Also see Ephesians 4:31. This verse implies that we as humans have this emotion and that we are to control it so it does not lead to sin.
“Let all bitterness and (Thumos wrath) and (Orge anger) and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.” These moods are apparently tied together. One does not clamor and slander without anger and bitterness (Eph. 4:31).
So then these emotions in man are seen to be out of control when mixed together, and if not dealt with can destroy our character. If not put off they will cause one to sin grievously. Why? Because if held on to, we in essence begin to play a god role that is not ours to play. These emotions — (Thumos wrath/anger) and (Orge wrath) are only controllable by God Himself. Orge wrath being judicial righteous indignation, and if we attempt to embrace it for long, it will destroy us. Scripture seems to reserve it only for God — we are not to play God. Vengeance is mine saith the Lord. We are incapable of properly utilizing righteous indignation. Our attempt at judiciously handling this wrath could only result in sin as we in and of ourselves are incapable of righteousness. Romans 12:19 Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave the way open for God’s wrath and His judicial righteousness; for it is written in Scripture, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.
God’s Wrath is problematic due to the English translation from the original.
So there are two main greek words that are translated “wrath” in the KJV & NASB — they are thumos and orge. We see these together in the Revelation.
–there are thumos verses such as this one:
Luke 4:28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath (Thumos),
wrath = thumos or Thumos the original Greek word is translated Wrath, but it is not always translated such in the Greek.
1) passion, angry, heat, anger forthwith boiling up and soon subsiding again
2) glow, ardour, the wine of passion, inflaming wine (which either drives the drinker mad or kills him with its strength)
The word seems to be speaking of an inflamed passion or anger that subsides.
Example of an “orge” verse
Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath (Orge) to come?
Here it seems a main message of this verse is to point to a wrath that will not subside until it is avenged. A wrath that can only be controlled by God. It is in this case something reserved for the future.
wrath = orge
1) anger, the natural disposition, temper, character
2) movement or agitation of the soul, impulse, desire, any violent emotion, but especially anger
3) anger, wrath, indignation
4) anger exhibited in punishment, hence used for punishment itself
4a) of punishments inflicted by magistrates
This verse makes its use of the word Orge seem to be speaking of judgment or the sentence handed down for some specific people’s. The question is who are they? The word used in the verse implies something possibly related to ones understanding of justice that is predetermined in the eye of its deliverer, who in this case is God. We are told to judge not lest we be judged. Why — we do not have the understanding of God to bring judgment on others.
Both thumos and orge are employed in these following verses.
Rom 2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation (Thumos) and wrath (Orge),
indignation and wrath = thumos and orge
Rev 19:15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the (fierceness Thumos) and (wrath Orge) of Almighty God.
fierceness and wrath translated from thumos and orge
then we have:
1Th 5:9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath (Orge) but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
God has NOT appointed us to orge. In every verse in the Epistles that tells us we will escape God’s wrath, wrath is Orge. I think that is an important fact.
And this verse says:
John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath (Orge) of God abideth on him.
(The orge of God abides on the unbeliever (every unbeliever not just Tribulation unbelievers), whereas he that endures to the end in Christ Jesus has eternal life. This means that in order for Tribulation to equal God’s Orge wrath, every unbeliever would need to be raised to encounter the Tribulation.
In Every verse in the New Testament (outside of revelation) that warns man WITHOUT CHRIST of Gods wrath– wrath is Orge.
1Th 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath (Orge) to come.
Thumos and Tribulation:
Rev 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath (Thumos) of God.
So even the wrath Thumos that is poured out at the end of Tribulation is not yet mixed with Orge, and we have been made no promise to escape it.
Now — Consider other Revelation verses using Thumos — references:
Revelation 12:12; Revelation 14:8; Revelation 14:10; Revelation 14:19; Revelatiagon 15:1; Revelation 15:7; Revelation 16:1; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 18:3.
In Revelation 19:15, Thumos and Orge are used as we saw before, but this is the consummation of the age, after Tribulation is over.
All other verses than those just listed using WRATH in Revelation are ORGE, and each of these relates to the time of the Lord’s return in person to earth on the day of the lord which if you read chapter 3 of my book; then you know this day is not the Tribulation. Orge in every case in Revelation is related to or associated with a prophesied Judgment which will occur when Jesus returns to earth.
Moreover, according to the Book of Revelation, “Thumos” wrath is poured out on groups that are related only to — the mark of the Beast, the Antichrist and those of his kingdom or lands, but not on all unbelievers of this age.
With the vials or bowls of “Thumos” in Revelation the world is still given the opportunity for repentance, but these offers are refused (Revelation 9:20-21; 16:9-11). When the “orge” wrath comes, however, there is no such offer for repentance. According to these and other scriptures Tribulation has to be considered apart from Orge wrath. There is no promise in scripture to escape Tribulation. Therefore we if still alive will be here on earth to witness these events if we follow scriptures teaching, right up until the Orge wrath of the second coming and the last trumpet in Revelation 11:15, at which point we are then immediately gathered together to Messiah just before the “orge” wrath comes upon the wicked. It becomes obvious that Orge is being stored up by God for all mankind from this age, not just for Tribulation violators of God’s new covenant.
So, Revelation 3:10’s promise to be kept from “the hour”, is referring to this hour of Orge wrath, when Jesus returns. For when He pours out this wrath He announces:
Revelation 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God. (KJV)
Revelation 16:17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. (KJV)
So, done means done, therefore this wrath poured out when Jesus returns must mean that its effects reach all the way into Hell itself, which is still beneath the earth. All men without Christ from the entire age of man, must have been inflicted with this wrath. “It is done”
Always remember that the agony that will be poured on these, Christ had suffered for (for all, but only those of us who accept it are forgiven.)
For further study on Wrath see the following pages from AND THEN THE END SHALL COME.
By Jerry Parks