For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.

Isaiah 9:6-7 NASB

This passage of scripture makes clear that Jesus will do and be several things.

1. His government will increase without end. Justice and righteousness Forevermore. One question is did this begin at His first coming?

2. When is His reign on the throne of David?

3. When will be the increase of His government and peace?

Some questions may seem strange, but within the teachings of Christendom there are those solid believers who tell us that Jesus is already reigning on earth through His church in this promise.

If these things are all to begin at the time of His birth and death; then there are unanswerable problems. Man’s History since Christ’s coming has actually seen more turmoil, and the Lord even suggested that: — (“I came not to bring peace but a sword.” Matt.10:34). So even though peace is delayed until the millennium, He did come as a child born into this world, and He is called by some of these names and even by others not mentioned here. It is implied in this passage that He would be a king on the throne of David. He was called the king of the Jews. Yet peace from His reign will obviously begin when He returns a second time, but this leads to the question how will His government increase forevermore on the throne of David? If we read other Old Testament prophecies. Other questions also arise.

The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them. You shall multiply the nation, You shall increase their gladness; They will be glad in Your presence As with the gladness of harvest, As men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For You shall break the yoke of their burden and the staff on their shoulders, The rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian. For every boot of the booted warrior in the battle tumult, And cloak rolled in blood, will be for burning, fuel for the fire.

Isaiah 9:2-5 NASB

These are the words that go immediately before the promise of the child to be born. This implies the multiplication of the nation in His presence. It also implies darkness before they see the light of His presence. Is this darkness the Tribulation followed by sun moon and stars not shining? The multiplication seen to be taking place after His first coming is supported as the Gentiles are being added to the nation in question here. That would be to the nation Israel as one new man in Eph. 2. But there is an ongoing addition to the nation that is future, and it implies mortal men remaining on earth to multiply. Is it possible that both of these are true?

A throne will even be established in lovingkindness, And a judge will sit on it in faithfulness in the tent of David; Moreover, he will seek justice And be prompt in righteousness.

Isaiah 16:5

This seems most likely fulfilled upon Christ’s Second Coming.

“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord, “When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; And He will reign as king and act wisely And do justice and righteousness in the land. “In His days Judah will be saved, And Israel will dwell securely; And this is His name by which He will be called, ‘The Lord our righteousness.’

Jeremiah 23:5-6

‘It shall come about on that day,’ declares the Lord of hosts, ‘that I will break his yoke from off their neck and will tear off their bonds; and strangers will no longer make them their slaves. But they shall serve the Lord their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. ‘ Fear not, O Jacob My servant,’ declares the Lord, ‘And do not be dismayed, O Israel; For behold, I will save you from afar And your offspring from the land of their captivity. And Jacob will return and will be quiet and at ease, And no one will make him afraid.

Jeremiah 30:8-10

This reign in the land, surely implies a reign that takes place after resurrection as David is on the earth, yet the salvation of Judah at the time of the second coming creates some problems. In order for salvation to occur post “this age” then mortals who have not received Christ during the Tribulation must enter the millennium as mortals. Men who are not yet saved.

The clues herein require this to be a future millennial promise?

‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares the Lord, ‘when I will fulfill the good word which I have spoken concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah. In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth. In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she will be called: the Lord is our righteousness.’

Jeremiah 33:14-16

For thus says the Lord, ‘ David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man before Me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings and to prepare sacrifices continually.’” The word of the Lord came to Jeremiah, saying, “Thus says the Lord, ‘If you can break My covenant for the day and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant so that he will not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levitical priests, My ministers. As the host of heaven cannot be counted and the sand of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the descendants of David My servant and the Levites who minister to Me.’”

Jeremiah 33:17-22

This passage I told the Lord has caused me grave concern. For we know that the millennial kingdom will be entered through the very dark period of which You Lord mention here. The sun will not shine and the moon shall not shed its light and the stars will be falling before your return to establish this kingdom. So how are these truths to be reconciled?

And the Lord opened my eyes that I might see — “If you can break My covenant for the day and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant so that he will not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levitical priests, My ministers.

You see I or no man or angelic being can bring into being what the Lord Himself will do before He returns as a sign of His coming. He will not break His covenant, but He not man will bring darkness over the earth.

therefore, I will deliver My flock, and they will no longer be a prey; and I will judge between one sheep and another. “Then I will set over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd. And I, the Lord, will be their God, and My servant David will be prince among them; I the Lord have spoken. “I will make a covenant of peace with them and eliminate harmful beasts from the land so that they may live securely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods. I will make them and the places around My hill a blessing. And I will cause showers to come down in their season; they will be showers of blessing. Also the tree of the field will yield its fruit and the earth will yield its increase, and they will be secure on their land. Then they will know that I am the Lord, when I have broken the bars of their yoke and have delivered them from the hand of those who enslaved them. They will no longer be a prey to the nations, and the beasts of the earth will not devour them; but they will live securely, and no one will make them afraid. I will establish for them a renowned planting place, and they will not again be victims of famine in the land, and they will not endure the insults of the nations anymore. Then they will know that I, the Lord their God, am with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are My people,” declares the Lord God. “As for you, My sheep, the sheep of My pasture, you are men, and I am your God,” declares the Lord God.

Ezekiel 34:22-31

An eternal reality is made with this passage — making the millennium with Christ as King over all the earth and on The throne is a resurrected David as prince.

“My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd; and they will walk in My ordinances and keep My statutes and observe them. They will live on the land that I gave to Jacob My servant, in which your fathers lived; and they will live on it, they, and their sons and their sons’ sons, forever; and David My servant will be their prince forever. I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will place them and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in their midst forever. My dwelling place also will be with them; and I will be their God, and they will be My people. And the nations will know that I am the Lord who sanctifies Israel, when My sanctuary is in their midst forever.”’”

Ezekiel 37:24-28

The kingdoms of men residing forever with God in the presence of Israel is a promise from God. In this passage the Lord has spoken of the sheep and the Shepherd. There are apparent (present on earth) mortal nations who will serve Israel.

Then they will know that I, the Lord their God, am with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are My people,” declares the Lord God. “As for you, My sheep, the sheep of My pasture, you are men, and I am your God,” declares the Lord God. Ezekiel 34:31

This is another fact of scripture that has caused me some confusion and much study; for Jesus while here on earth has stated to the Jews the following:

Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage, 35 but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36 for they cannot even die anymore, because they are like angels, and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. Luke 20:34-36 NASB

But again God’s light has been given in scripture. Who are the sheep who will reside in this land forever? God’s promise here to multiply the sheep; How and when is this to take place? John in his Gospel tells us:

But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, nor do you take into account that it is expedient for you that one man die for the people, and that the whole nation not perish.” Now he did not say this on his own initiative, but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but in order that He might also gather together into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.

John 11:49-52 NASB

But how did John know this? Jesus of course had told him:

14 I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, 15 even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep. 16 I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd. John 10:14-16 NASB

So God’s Remnant from Israel will be joined with his Remnant from the Gentiles and they will be one new man. Neither Jew nor Gentile, and they will be as the sons of God having no marriage or giving in marriage, so again there must be mortals who enter into the kingdom for eternity if God’s promise to increase the nation forever is to be believed. And who are we to not believe our God and His word?

For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar and without ephod or household idols. Afterward the sons of Israel will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king; and they will come trembling to the Lord and to His goodness in the last days. Hosea 3:4-5 NASB

“In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old; That they may possess the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are called by My name,” Declares the Lord who does this. “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “When the plowman will overtake the reaper And the treader of grapes him who sows seed; When the mountains will drip sweet wine And all the hills will be dissolved. “Also I will restore the captivity of My people Israel, And they will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them; They will also plant vineyards and drink their wine, And make gardens and eat their fruit. “I will also plant them on their land, And they will not again be rooted out from their land Which I have given them,” Says the Lord your God.

Amos 9:11-15

There in fact must be two Israels. One who has come to be worthy by way of a savior, to through the resurrection become the sons of God; these are those to whom the Gentiles are joined as sheep in the bride of Christ. And then there is this other Israel who consists of the mortal man and who will occupy and multiply on the land God says forever.

“In that day I will make the clans of Judah like a firepot among pieces of wood and a flaming torch among sheaves, so they will consume on the right hand and on the left all the surrounding peoples, while the inhabitants of Jerusalem again dwell on their own sites in Jerusalem. The Lord also will save the tents of Judah first, so that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem will not be magnified above Judah. In that day the Lord will defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the one who is feeble among them in that day will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the angel of the Lord before them. And in that day I will set about to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn. In that day there will be great mourning in Jerusalem, like the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the plain of Megiddo. “In that day a fountain will be opened for the house of David and for the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for impurity. “It will come about in that day,” declares the Lord of hosts, “that I will cut off the names of the idols from the land, and they will no longer be remembered; and I will also remove the prophets and the unclean spirit from the land. And if anyone still prophesies, then his father and mother who gave birth to him will say to him, ‘You shall not live, for you have spoken falsely in the name of the Lord’; and his father and mother who gave birth to him will pierce him through when he prophesies.

Zechariah 12:6-11,13:1-3

This is the last days promise of this age. The last days deliverance of Israel is seen here resulting in the beginning of all the other promises that we have just observed.

And one will say to him, ‘What are these wounds between your arms?’ Then he will say, ‘ Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends.’ “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate,” Declares the Lord of hosts. “ Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered; And I will turn My hand against the little ones. “It will come about in all the land,” Declares the Lord, “That two parts in it will be cut off and perish; But the third will be left in it. “And I will bring the third part through the fire, Refine them as silver is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on My name, And I will answer them; I will say, ‘They are My people,’ And they will say, ‘The Lord is my God.’” Zechariah 13:6-9

The final Tribulation which is the Great Tribulation of this age will yield a new beginning for those residing in Israel in these days just before the Lords return. What that beginning will be is still in some ways a great mystery. But we will be with the Lord on that day. It is His prayer that we be in unity and that we be with Him John 17.

And at that time He will begin The the repopulation of mortal Israel.

“The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears, ‘The place is too cramped for me; Make room for me that I may live here.’ “Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who has begotten these for me, Since I have been bereaved of my children And am barren, an exile and a wanderer? And who has reared these? Behold, I was left alone; From where did these come?’” Thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will lift up My hand to the nations And set up My standard to the peoples; And they will bring your sons in their bosom, And your daughters will be carried on their shoulders. “ Kings will be your guardians, And their princesses your nurses. They will bow down to you with their faces to the earth And lick the dust of your feet; And you will know that I am the Lord; Those who hopefully wait for Me will not be put to shame. Isaiah 49:20-23 NASB

The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Matthew 1:1

In that day there will be sons of God worthy of the resurrection and there will be Jews who are mortals who will be carried back by the Gentile nations into which they have been scattered. These will look upon Him who they have pierced and they will mourn. And the people will be so many that God has told Zion:

“For your waste and desolate places and your destroyed land— Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, And those who swallowed you will be far away. “The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears, ‘The place is too cramped for me; Make room for me that I may live here.’ “Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who has begotten these for me, Since I have been bereaved of my children And am barren, an exile and a wanderer? And who has reared these? Behold, I was left alone; From where did these come?’” Isaiah 49:19-21 NASB