Today there is much discussion over the Millennium. Is it possible that a day is as 1000 years can help us understand the millennium? The thinking among Catholics and Mainline Churches is largely amillennial today. This I would think is due to the idea that God is finished with Israel. And in fact Jesus own teaching can lead one to that conclusion. Listen:
Jesus *said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures, ‘The stone which the builders rejected, This became the chief corner stone; This came about from the Lord, And it is marvelous in our eyes’? 43 Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it.
Matthew 21:42-43 NASB
So the question then becomes — is God done with Israel? Or, is it that He is done with all of Israel who will reject Him?
Has Israel been replaced, or have her Individual branches who are broken off been replaced?
Some say that all Israel has been replaced by the church. Others say that the Church is not Israel, but that Israel will be revived for the purpose of a Millennial reign of their Messiah following the second coming. Here is one of many verses that they point to:
“ Come, let us return to the Lord. For He has torn us , but He will heal us; He has wounded us , but He will bandage us. “He will revive us after two days; He will raise us up on the third day, That we may live before Him.
Hosea 6:1-2 NASB
We will return to this verse later. But still others believe that God has planned all along to incorporate the Gentile believers into Israel in order to have His people both Jew and Gentile reign over the earth with Messiah as their head during a future Millennium. In order to accomplish this Israel’s dead branches were cut off and the believing Gentiles are being grafted in. This is depicted by Paul in Romans 11 through the Olive Tree. The result is seen again by Paul as one new man Jew and Gentile as depicted in Ephesians 2 and 3.
This third theory seems to be in best keeping with scriptures teaching in my estimation. Whereas Israel was once called by God a holy nation and priesthood, we are now as Jew and Gentile believers in Messiah called this in the new covenant by Peter who uses this same title of us. So is there evidence beyond this for a future 1000 year millennium?
First let’s consider what Gill states concerning Hosea 6, which is an interesting couple of verses similar to one that the Lord stated concerning three days which we will view later.
From: Gills Exposition of the Entire Bible.
After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up,…. The Jews, in their present state, are as dead men, both in a civil and spiritual sense, and their conversion and restoration will be as life from the dead; they are like persons buried, and, when they are restored, they will be raised out of their graves, both of sin and misery; see Romans 11:15; the time of which is here fixed, after two days, and on the third; which Jarchi interprets of the two temples that have been destroyed, and of the third temple to be built, which the Jews expect, but in vain, and when they hope for good times: Kimchi explains it of their three captivities, in Egypt, Babylon, and the present one, and so Ben Melech, from which they hope to be raised, and live comfortably; which sense is much better than the former: and with it may be compared Vitringa’s (s) notion of the text, that the first day was between Israel’s coming out of Egypt and the Babylonish captivity; the second day between that and the times of Antiochus, which was the third night; then the third day followed, which is the times of the Messiah: but the Targum comes nearer the truth, which paraphrases the words thus,
“he will quicken us in the days of consolation which are to come, and in the day of the resurrection of the dead he will raise us up;”
I have in the past studied extensively the Second Coming prophesies, and the 1000 year as a day question. Early church manuscripts such as Barnabas saw the days of history linked to 1000 years, and Barnabas relates the 7th day of creation to the Sabbath when God rested. There are those who state that we are nearing the next sabbath rest since the creation even as the manuscript Titled Barnabas taught it. For there have been approximately 2000 years from the time of Christ’s death, and it is thought that the millennium could be the next 1000 years. In fact the year 2000 brought a lot of prophetic hype. But the year 2000, was not 2000 years beyond Messiahs death. Considering this as background. Hosea states:
“He will revive us after two days; He will raise us up on the third day, That we may live before Him.
Hosea 6:2 NASB
This obviously speaks of resurrection. Prior to this statement in Hosea 5:15 is stated: I will go away and return to My place Until they acknowledge their guilt and seek My face; In their affliction they will earnestly seek Me.
The affliction in this it is thought could possibly be the time of Jacobs Trouble or the Tribulation which will bring about Israel’s seeking of her Messiah. When this happens it will equal “life from the dead” (ROM.11:15) for us all.
But returning to Hos. 5:15, if this is Jesus speaking, then He the word of God is stating this prophetically, which some scholars think to be the case. If so, then the 2 days in 6:2 could reference Israel’s being brought back to the place of acceptance of Messiah over the last 2000 years since His coming, and then their resurrection as the Nation Of Promise occurs, (in which we according to Ephesians 2 will be partakers with them As many believe during the millennium or third day).
None of us know for sure if this is the proper understanding, but it is certainly worth our consideration. Peter stated that one day with God is as 1000 years:
But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day. The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up.
2 Peter 3:8-10 NASB
There are those who consider this passage to be an Idiom.
a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g., rain cats and dogs, see the light ).
But if one considers the purpose for Peters writing this explanation it makes perfect sense especially when we look back from our vantage point at the events of the last two days or 2000 years. Israel was dispersed as the Old Testament prophesied following her rejection of her Messiah, and she is now regathered as per scriptures prophecy. In fact looking at the future the millennium (1000 year day) and the day of the Lord being one makes much sense.
Jesus Himself states that He has things to do when He returns. In Matthew 25 He will Judge the Nations, in Revelation 20 His reign includes the binding of Satan and the judgment of every man. In fact we are told here that we who are the Priests of God even as Peter has called us, are during this time to reign with Messiah. Listen:
Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years.
Revelation 20:6 NASB
Obviously death is not destroyed until after the Second Coming and the Judgment. So Jesus still has work to do after He comes in order to have everything placed under His feet.
So there is one final verse to consider in this day as 1000 years. I mentioned it earlier.
And He said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I reach My goal.’ 33 Nevertheless I must journey on today and tomorrow and the next day; for it cannot be that a prophet would perish outside of Jerusalem.
Luke 13:32-33 NASB
There are three days mentioned here. This takes place long before the crucifixion mentioned here, which will take place in Jerusalem. Is this then an idiom? In some ways yes, but is it also prophetic? At the time of Jesus first coming many were looking for Messiah. Daniel’s 70 week prophecy pointed to the time of His coming. Jesus chastised the Jewish leaders for not knowing the time of His visitation. So we are told by Paul that we will also know the times and seasons. If this our time is our day for visitation, why would the one day as a thousand not have prophetic meaning? Under the one new man theory we will not see Jesus until all Israel is saved.
Even so Come Lord Jesus.