Chafer writes that there are 24 differences between Israel and the church which make it impossible to identify the two in one program, which he says supports pre-Trib theory. These 24 I will evaluate in some cases together as the scriptural relevance as to their accuracy is the same. This could get lengthy, so I will break up our evaluation of his argument.


Here are his contrasts:

1. The extent of Biblical Revelation ISRAEL 4/5; CHURCH 1/5.


2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;

So to me to say that 4/5 of scripture was revealed by Israel and that that creates separation is to say that Israel must be completely separate from the Gospel, and thus Jews do not need the gospel which Paul makes clear is for them. He says that our role as Gentiles is to make them jealous. If we deny them their part in the gospel we disobey the great commission. One blogger on that I posted a response to on this site, even relegated the great commission to the Jew not to the Gentile church. This is quite a stretch considering that as Jesus said to the Samaritan woman “salvation is of the Jew”.



ISRAEL-earthly promises in the covenants; CHURCH- heavenly promises in the gospel.

Matthew 24:14 Matthew 23:13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in. This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.

JESUS SAYS: that Israel’s teachers won’t let the people enter the kingdom of heaven, nor do they enter themselves, why would He say this if theirs is only an earthly promise. And, why would this gospel of the kingdom be the only emphasis of our Lord to men, whom He has chosen to reach the world with the good news of His redemptive WORK? Unless this kingdom is included in His gospel as promised to Israel and to us as Paul states to be the case in Eph. 2


Psalm 23:6 Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life, And I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.


Is this earthly as Chafer writes in point Two? Didn’t sound exclusively earthly to me. So what about you and I The grafted in saints?

Ephesians 2:1-3, 7, 11-12, 14-16, 18-20 And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. Therefore remember that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called “Uncircumcision” by the so-called “Circumcision,” which is performed in the flesh by human hands— remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,


MY COMMENT- interestingly Paul included himself among the children of wrath in this passage even though Pre-Trib scholars attempt to make him different from us as a Jew. He was not secure in his salvation due to his Old Testament birth into Israel. He says that this is not so–

…the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath,

He was as a Jew part of the “we” and “us” of this passage. So how are individuals from the remnant of Israel saved? We will explore this as we look at Chafer’s other points. But this should wet your appetite for the remaining 22 points of difference that he lists.